What is a repositorium?

The repositorium is a searchable database that provides data on relevant articles from journals, company web pages and web pages of governmental agencies about studies/applications of genome-editing in model plants and agricultural crops in the period January 1996 to May 2018. Search options are article type, technique, plant, traits or free text. The repositorium is based on the systematic map of Dominik Modrzejewski et al., published in the journal environmental evidence. (Download article PDF).

Analysis of the functions of TaGW2 homoeologs in wheat grain weight and protein content traits

Typ / Jahr

Journal Article / 2018


Zhang, Yi; Li, Da; Zhang, Dingbo; Zhao, Xiaoge; Cao, Xuemin; Dong, Lingli; Liu, Jinxing; Chen, Kunling; Zhang, Huawei; Gao, Caixia; Wang, Daowen


GW2 is emerging as a key genetic determinant of grain weight in cereal crops; it has three homoeologs (TaGW2-A1, -B1 and -D1) in hexaploid common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Here, by analyzing the gene editing mutants that lack one (B1 or D1), two (B1 and D1) or all three (A1, B1 and D1) homoeologs of TaGW2, several insights are gained into the functions of TaGW2-B1 and -D1 in common wheat grain traits. First, both TaGW2-B1 and -D1 affect thousand-grain weight (TGW) by influencing grain width and length, but the effect conferred by TaGW2-B1 is stronger than that of TaGW2-D1. Second, there exists functional interaction between TaGW2 homoeologs because the TGW increase shown by a double mutant (lacking B1 and D1) was substantially larger than that of their single mutants. Third, both TaGW2-B1 and -D1 modulate cell number and length in the outer pericarp of developing grains, with TaGW2-B1 being more potent. Finally, TaGW2 homoeologs also affect grain protein content as this parameter was generally increased in the mutants, especially in the lines lacking two or three homoeologs. Consistent with this finding, two wheat end-use quality-related parameters, flour protein content and gluten strength, were considerably elevated in the mutants. Collectively, our data shed light on functional difference between and additive interaction of TaGW2 homoeologs in the genetic control of grain weight and protein content traits in common wheat, which may accelerate further research on this important gene and its application in wheat improvement.

gene editing mutant; genetic interaction; grain; grain length; grain protein content; grain width; homoeolog; pericarp; Triticum aestivum.; weight
The Plant Journal
Periodical Number
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ID Corresponding Author
Plant Species GE Technique
Sequence Identifier
Type of Alteration
Progress in Research
Key Topic
907 Gao, Caixian; Wang, Daowen
Triticum aestivum CRISPR/Cas9
Increase in seed size and thousand grain weight
Agronomic value