Two rice receptor-like kinases maintain male fertility under changing temperatures
Journal Article / 2017
Yu, Junping; Han, Jiaojiao; Kim, Yu-Jin; Song, Ming; Yang, Zhen; HE, Yi; Fu, Ruifeng; Luo, Zhijing; Hu, Jianping; Liang, Wanqi; Zhang, Dabing
Plants employ dynamic molecular networks to control development in response to environmental changes, yet the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Here we report the identification of two rice leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases, Thermo-Sensitive Genic Male Sterile 10 (TMS10) and its close homolog TMS10-Like (TMS10L), which redundantly function in the maintenance of the tapetal cell layer and microspore/pollen viability under normal temperature conditions with TMS10 playing an essential role in higher temperatures (namely, 28 °C). tms10 displays male sterility under high temperatures but male fertility under low temperatures, and the tms10 tms10l double mutant shows complete male sterility under both high and low temperatures. Biochemical and genetic assays indicate that the kinase activity conferred by the intracellular domain of TMS10 is essential for tapetal degeneration and male fertility under high temperatures. Furthermore, indica or japonica rice varieties that contain mutations in TMS10, created by genetic crosses or genome editing, also exhibit thermo-sensitive genic male sterility. These findings demonstrate that TMS10 and TMS10L act as a key switch in postmeiotic tapetal development and pollen development by buffering environmental temperature changes, providing insights into the molecular mechanisms by which plants develop phenotypic plasticity via genotype–environment temperature interaction. TMS10 may be used as a genetic resource for the development of hybrid seed production systems in crops.
|Plant Species||GE Technique
Type of Alteration
|Progress in Research
China; South Korea; Australia