What is a repositorium?

The repositorium is a searchable database that provides data on relevant articles from journals, company web pages and web pages of governmental agencies about studies/applications of genome-editing in model plants and agricultural crops in the period January 1996 to May 2018. Search options are article type, technique, plant, traits or free text. The repositorium is based on the systematic map of Dominik Modrzejewski et al., published in the journal environmental evidence. (Download article PDF).

Simultaneous site-directed mutagenesis of duplicated loci in soybean using a single guide RNA

Typ / Jahr

Journal Article / 2018


Kanazashi, Yuhei; Hirose, Aya; Takahashi, Ippei; Mikami, Masafumi; Endo, Masaki; Hirose, Sakiko; Toki, Seiichi; Kaga, Akito; Naito, Ken; Ishimoto, Masao; Abe, Jun; Yamada, Tetsuya

Key message Using a gRNA and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, we performed simultaneous site-directed mutagenesis of two GmPPD loci in soybean. Mutations in GmPPD loci were confirmed in at least 33% of T2 seeds. Abstract The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated endonuclease 9 (Cas9) system is a powerful tool for site-directed mutagenesis in crops. Using a single guide RNA (gRNA) and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, we performed simultaneous site-directed mutagenesis of two homoeologous loci in soybean (Glycine max), GmPPD1 and GmPPD2, which encode the orthologs of Arabidopsis thaliana PEAPOD (PPD). Most of the T1 plants had heterozygous and/or chimeric mutations for the targeted loci. The sequencing analysis of T1 and T2 generations indicates that putative mutation induced in the T0 plant is transmitted to the T1 generation. The inheritable mutation induced in the T1 plant was also detected. This result indicates that continuous induction of mutations during T1 plant development increases the occurrence of mutations in germ cells, which ensures the transmission of mutations to the next generation. Simultaneous site-directed mutagenesis in both GmPPD loci was confirmed in at least 33% of T2 seeds examined. Approximately 19% of double mutants did not contain the Cas9/gRNA expression construct. Double mutants with frameshift mutations in both GmPPD1 and GmPPD2 had dome-shaped trifoliate leaves, extremely twisted pods, and produced few seeds. Taken together, our data indicate that continuous induction of mutations in the whole plant and advancing generations of transgenic plants enable efficient simultaneous site-directed mutagenesis in duplicated loci in soybean.
CRISPR/Cas9; Generation; Glycine max; Heritable mutation; Null-segregant; PEAPOD
Plant cell reports
Periodical Number
Page range


ID Corresponding Author
Plant Species GE Technique
Sequence Identifier
Type of Alteration
Progress in Research
Key Topic
713 Yamada, Tetsuya
Glycine max CRISPR/Cas9
Dome-shaped trifoliate leaves, extremly twisted pods, production of few seeds
Basic research
Basic research